Winckler, C. Schenkenfelder, J. de Oliveira, D. Fusi, F. Rosi, E. Sossidou, E. Waiblinger, S.
EURCAW Ruminants & Equines
Definition of levels of restriction of visual and tactile contact in pens for individually housing calves
Council Directive 2008/119/EC requires to allow direct visual and tactile contact between calves in individual pens. Depending on structural features of partitions between pens different levels of restriction of visual and tactile contact may be experienced by calves (e.g., contact depends on body posture of calves; body parts that can be involved in contact; possibility of simultaneous visual and tactile contact). In this Indicator Factsheet methods for assessing visual and tactile contact and recommendation for inspection are described.